Today kaftan is popular in several regions of the world. However, this piece of clothing receives special attention in Morocco – it is worn in everyday life as well as at official events, depending on the fabric from which it was made. Kaftan is a long-sleeved robe with a deep décolleté that is often covered with embroidery.
The word „kaftan“ has a Persian origin and it existed already in 600 BC. Above all, it has been a symbol of imperialism in the past – for example, the Ottoman sultans used to wear kaftan very often. The first time that kaftan was mentioned in Morocco was in the 16th century. The clothing arrived in Morocco when Muslims and Jews emigrated from Andalusia. Therefore, one can recognize the influence of different cultures on the clothes. In Europe, kaftan was distributed from the middle of the 20th century. In America, kaftan has also quickly become a must-have for its exotic look and the comfort of the body. The piece of clothing was mainly distributed by the people who followed the Hippie Trail (from North Africa to Afghanistan). Even „The Beatles“ were impressed by the garment after their tour of India.
Kaftan is worn by both women and men. It is particularly characteristic of the warmer regions of Africa, as it allows the ventilation of the body and thus decreases the body temperature. Under no circumstances should ckaftan be confused with a traditional Moroccan djellaba. Although both garments look similar, djellaba differs because of its hood.
kaftans are even worn at special events like weddings. In such cases, handmade kaftans are ordered that match the individual style of the person. Nowadays, kaftan is also often seen on the red carpet, for which designers like Tom Ford and Ellie Saab are to be thanked. Over the years, the garment has become cheaper, so that today almost anyone could buy one.